6.5
MEDIUM
CVE-2024-39557
Juniper Networks Junos OS Evolved Layer 2 Address Learning Daemon L2AL Uncontrolled Resource Consumption Vulnerability
Description

An Uncontrolled Resource Consumption vulnerability in the Layer 2 Address Learning Daemon (l2ald) of Juniper Networks Junos OS Evolved allows an unauthenticated, adjacent attacker to cause a memory leak, eventually exhausting all system memory, leading to a system crash and Denial of Service (DoS). Certain MAC table updates cause a small amount of memory to leak.  Once memory utilization reaches its limit, the issue will result in a system crash and restart. To identify the issue, execute the CLI command: user@device> show platform application-info allocations app l2ald-agent EVL Object Allocation Statistics: Node   Application     Context Name                               Live   Allocs   Fails     Guids re0   l2ald-agent               net::juniper::rtnh::L2Rtinfo       1069096 1069302   0         1069302 re0   l2ald-agent               net::juniper::rtnh::NHOpaqueTlv     114     195       0         195 This issue affects Junos OS Evolved: * All versions before 21.4R3-S8-EVO, * from 22.2-EVO before 22.2R3-S4-EVO, * from 22.3-EVO before 22.3R3-S3-EVO, * from 22.4-EVO before 22.4R3-EVO, * from 23.2-EVO before 23.2R2-EVO.

INFO

Published Date :

July 10, 2024, 11:15 p.m.

Last Modified :

July 11, 2024, 1:05 p.m.

Remotely Exploitable :

No

Impact Score :

3.6

Exploitability Score :

2.8
Affected Products

The following products are affected by CVE-2024-39557 vulnerability. Even if cvefeed.io is aware of the exact versions of the products that are affected, the information is not represented in the table below.

ID Vendor Product Action
1 Juniper junos_os_evolved
References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

Here, you will find a curated list of external links that provide in-depth information, practical solutions, and valuable tools related to CVE-2024-39557.

URL Resource
https://supportportal.juniper.net/JSA83017

We scan GitHub repositories to detect new proof-of-concept exploits. Following list is a collection of public exploits and proof-of-concepts, which have been published on GitHub (sorted by the most recently updated).

Results are limited to the first 15 repositories due to potential performance issues.

The following table lists the changes that have been made to the CVE-2024-39557 vulnerability over time.

Vulnerability history details can be useful for understanding the evolution of a vulnerability, and for identifying the most recent changes that may impact the vulnerability's severity, exploitability, or other characteristics.

  • CVE Received by [email protected]

    Jul. 10, 2024

    Action Type Old Value New Value
    Added Description An Uncontrolled Resource Consumption vulnerability in the Layer 2 Address Learning Daemon (l2ald) of Juniper Networks Junos OS Evolved allows an unauthenticated, adjacent attacker to cause a memory leak, eventually exhausting all system memory, leading to a system crash and Denial of Service (DoS). Certain MAC table updates cause a small amount of memory to leak.  Once memory utilization reaches its limit, the issue will result in a system crash and restart. To identify the issue, execute the CLI command: user@device> show platform application-info allocations app l2ald-agent EVL Object Allocation Statistics: Node   Application     Context Name                               Live   Allocs   Fails     Guids re0   l2ald-agent               net::juniper::rtnh::L2Rtinfo       1069096 1069302   0         1069302 re0   l2ald-agent               net::juniper::rtnh::NHOpaqueTlv     114     195       0         195 This issue affects Junos OS Evolved: * All versions before 21.4R3-S8-EVO, * from 22.2-EVO before 22.2R3-S4-EVO, * from 22.3-EVO before 22.3R3-S3-EVO, * from 22.4-EVO before 22.4R3-EVO, * from 23.2-EVO before 23.2R2-EVO.
    Added Reference Juniper Networks, Inc. https://supportportal.juniper.net/JSA83017 [No types assigned]
    Added CWE Juniper Networks, Inc. CWE-400
    Added CVSS V3.1 Juniper Networks, Inc. AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
    Added CVSS V4.0 Juniper Networks, Inc. CVSS:4.0/AV:A/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:N/VC:N/VI:N/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:L/E:X/CR:X/IR:X/AR:X/MAV:X/MAC:X/MAT:X/MPR:X/MUI:X/MVC:X/MVI:X/MVA:X/MSC:X/MSI:X/MSA:X/S:X/AU:X/R:A/V:X/RE:X/U:X
EPSS is a daily estimate of the probability of exploitation activity being observed over the next 30 days. Following chart shows the EPSS score history of the vulnerability.
CWE - Common Weakness Enumeration

While CVE identifies specific instances of vulnerabilities, CWE categorizes the common flaws or weaknesses that can lead to vulnerabilities. CVE-2024-39557 is associated with the following CWEs:

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC)

Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification (CAPEC) stores attack patterns, which are descriptions of the common attributes and approaches employed by adversaries to exploit the CVE-2024-39557 weaknesses.

CVSS31 - Vulnerability Scoring System
Attack Vector
Attack Complexity
Privileges Required
User Interaction
Scope
Confidentiality
Integrity
Availability